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Indicators used in this report

This page contain a list of all indicators included in the National State of the environment report. Indicators are presented as graphs or in some cases, in tabular or map format. Activate the link or the thumbnail to see the graphic in more detail. For more information on data used in this report, click the data issues option in the menu above.

The indicators are grouped according to main issues in:

[Climatic and Atmospheric change] [Sustainability of Terrestrial Ecosystems] [Sustainability of Water Resources] [Sustainability of Coastal and Marine Systems] [Social dimension] [Economic dimension] [Political dimension]

Climatic and Atmospheric Change
Type
  Name
Graph Trends in oil and coal consumption
Graph Conversion of natural vegetation to agricultural crops
Graph Main sources and amounts of air pollution estimated in 1996
Graph Summary of CFC's and amounts consumed per year
Graph Trends in atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide
Graph Trends in atmospheric concentrations of Methane
Graph Trends in atmospheric concentrations of Nitrous oxide
Graph Trends in atmospheric concentrations of CFC-11
Graph Total atmospheric ozone at Pretoria
Graph UV-B measured at Pretoria
Graph UV-B measured at Cape Town
Graph UV-B measured at Durban
Graph Highest average smoke concentrations measured in the National smoke and SO2 network
Graph The number of sulphur dioxide recording sites..
Graph Average atmospheric concentrations of atmospheric pollution in major South African cities
Graph Average lead concentrations per year in major South African cities
Graph Annual rainfall deviations....
Graph Temperature deviations
Graph Trends in malaria cases: 1993-1998

Sustainability of terrestrial ecosystems
Type
   Name
Graph Fertiliser usage in South Africa: 1986-1996
Table Conserved area and number of Red data book taxa in southern Africa in relation to biomes in southern Africa
Table Percentage number and area of 582 publicially owned nature reserves ....
Table Number of threatened and endemic species in South Africa
Table Actual and potential plant biodiversity loss: 1980 and 1995

Sustainability of water resources
Type
   Name
Graph Mean annual precipitation and evaporation
Graph Annual precipitation for eco-region 1
Graph Annual precipitation for eco-region 2
Graph Annual precipitation for eco-region 3
Graph Annual precipitation for eco-region 4
Graph Annual precipitation for eco-region 5
Table Estimated sectorial water requirements for 1996 and 2030
Graph Groundwater utilised per sector
Graph Water availability per capita
Graph Water balance for major catchments in South Africa 1996
Graph Water balance for major catchments in South Africa 2030
Table Pollution pressures on groundwater
Graph Distribution of mean annual surface runoff
Graph Groundwater harvest potential
Graph Number of boreholes registered
Graph Distribution of wetlands in South Africa
Graph Freshwater characteristics of South Africa
Map Major rivers of South Africa
Map Annual flow of the Orange river
Map Annual flow for the Palmiet river
Map Annual flow for the Umgeni river
Map Annual flow of the Tugela river
Map Annual flow of the Crocodile (KNP) river
Map Annual flow of the Crocodile (Hartbeespoort) river
Map Annual flow of the Vaal river
Map Major dams and inter-basin transfers in South Africa
Graph Cumulative capacity of dams in South Africa
Graph Proportion of provincial Gross Geographic Product
Map Total dissolved solids concentrations
Map Nitrate concentrations
Map Total phosphorus concentrations
Map Main water quality constituents: Conductivity
Map Main water quality constituents: NO3
Map Main water quality constituents: PO4
Map Main water quality constituents: SO4
Map Main water quality constituents: pH
Map Main water quality constituents: Alkalinity
Map Groundwater quality
Map Extend of wetland loss
Map Distribution of alien aquatic macrophytes: Eichhornia crassipes
Map Distribution of alien aquatic macrophytes: Azolla filiculoides
Map Distribution of alien aquatic macrophytes: Myriophyllum aquaticum
Map Distribution of alien aquatic macrophytes: Salvinia molesca
Table Budget for water quality management for 1990 and 1999
Table Distribution of research funding from the Water Research Commission: 1997

Sustainability of Coastal and Marine Systems
Type
   Name
Table Ship traffic rounding the Cape: January 1997 - December 1997 and January 1998 - November 1998.
Table Number and status of estuaries off the east coast
Graph Trends in mean sea level rise
Table Stocks of marine resources: South African catches
Table Number of marine protected areas in each province which serve preservation, fishing, education and tourism functions

Social Dimension
Type
   Name
Map Urban and population distribution
Graph Crude birth rate and crude death rates
Graph Population growth rate
Graph Population change
Graph Movement from rural to urban areas
Graph Household size
Graph Inequality
Graph Poverty rate by population group
Graph Dwelling Types in South Africa
Graph Access to public health care facilities
Graph Provincial distribution of health personnel/10 000 people
Table Incidence of selected notifiable diseases
Table HIV infection of women attending ante-natal clinics by age group
Table Main causes of death
Table Attendance at educational institutions of people aged 5-29
Table Percentage of population older than 20 years per level of education
Graph Unemployment rates by race
Graph Percentage of households using different fuels in rural areas
Table Fuel sales in million of litres
Table Indices of crime

Economic Dimension
Type
   Name
Graph GDP, employment and unemployment
Graph Balance of payments
Graph Inflation and morgage rates
Graph Income distribution
Graph Sectorial composition of the South African economy
Table Average year on year growth .....
Graph Energy intensity
Graph Long term capital movement and GDP
Graph Labour indices
Graph Imports of goods....

Political dimension
Type
   Name
Graph Budget allocation, Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism
Graph Programmes funded by Donor Agencies (Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, National Botanical Institute & South African National Parks)
Graph Programmes funded by Donor Agencies
Graph Funds provided by Government, Private Sector and Non-Governmental Organisations for environmental research

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Last update: October 1999